How others do it
Bangalore can take a leaf out of these cities’ best practices
Delhi Municipal Corporation handles about 7,000 metric tonnes of waste every day but has three landfills at Ghazipur, Okhla and Narela. Although the corporation claims it recycles waste and builds concrete blocks from it, the civic body hasn’t set targets for recycling and reducing waste generation. Recently, the administration planned to collect silt and sanitary water to treat and reuse.
BMC spends about Rs 300 crore a year for garbage collection and disposal. There are 5,800 garbage bins across 3,700 collection spots and 1,100 vehicles to collect and transport about 6,500 tonnes of waste generated every day. Over 27,000 conservancy workers and contractors lift the garbage and deposit it at Deonar. The total expenditure incurred by the Solid Waste Management department has doubled from Rs 692 crore in 2007-08 to Rs 1,219 crore in 2010-11.
Kochi, with a population of 6 lakh people generates only 250 tonnes of waste a day. Earlier, it would send its waste to a solid waste management plant in Brahmapuram (32 acres) but as the plant became defunct, they sent it to a landfill. After the state government intervened, Kochi corporation promised to come up with technology to generate electricity from waste. However, the plan is to dump waste from nearby town municipalities and gram panchayats at Brahmapuram.
Around the world
Singapore generates over 17,855 tonnes of waste every day and has four incineration plants and one offshore landfill with a lifespan of 25-30 years. Of the total, 10,295 tonnes (nearly 58%) is recycled, 7083 tonnes incinerated and only 477 tonnes (2%) sent to the landfill. The city targets 65% of recycling by 2020. The Singapore Packaging Agreement framed in 2007 by government and NGOs and private partners formulates action plans to reduce and reuse packaging waste.
New York City
New York, with a population of 8 million, generates 12,000 tonnes of waste every day of which residents recycle 17%. The deparment of environement adopted a 20-year plan for exporting garbage to communities for commercial benefit. The export waste amounts to around $290 million. Paper recycling alone generates $7.5 million. Their only landfill Fresh Kills was shut down in March 2001 after its height rose to 25m, equal to the height of the Statue of Liberty. Now it’s been beautiful landscaped.
In November 2011, the London mayor framed policies related to manage waste and also benefit from waste. London generates 55,000 tonnes of waste every day and 20 million tonnes a year. But the administration is able to recycle 57% but the mayor has set the target to 80%.